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The Global Research Neglect of Unassisted Smoking Cessation: Causes and Consequences

Figure 1

Focus of original research and reviews of 662 smoking cessation papers indexed by Medline, 2007–2008 (percent of all papers).

*, Pharmacotherapy: NRT only 57; bupropion only 19; varenicline only 26; combination/head-to-head trials 56; other pharmacotherapy 20; pharmacotherapy versus nonpharmacotherapy 7; pharmacotherapy with counselling 49; meta-analyses/systematic reviews 8; reduced nicotine cigarettes 2; smokeless tobacco 3. **, Nonpharmacotherapy: community cessation centres, groups, counselling 28; primary health care 29; hospital-based or referrals 39; workplace programs 6; schools/youth 16; quitlines 26; phone or posted initiated by professionals 16; Web-based 32; combination quitline/Web/calls 9; pamphlets/books 2; spirometry as motivator 2; acupuncture/acupressure 3; exercise 6; meta-analyses/systematic reviews 6. ***, Trends, correlates and predictors. Whole or special populations 82; youth 16; primary health care 6; hospital patients 12; workplaces 2. #, Three articles were unobtainable.

Figure 1

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000216.g001