About the Authors

Anthony Shakeshaft, Christopher Doran, Courtney Breen, Alys Havard, Ansari Abudeen, Elissa Harwood, Anton Clifford
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW (University of New South Wales), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Christopher Doran
Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton Heights, New South Wales, Australia

Christopher Doran, Rob Sanson-Fisher
Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia

Dennis Petrie
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Anton Clifford
Institute for Urban Indigenous Health, Bowen Hills, Queensland, Australia

Catherine D'Este
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Stuart Gilmour
Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

CDE was one of the investigators for the project that was funded by the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, an independent charitable organisation (http://www.fare.org.au). The Australian Government provides core funding to the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre through the Substance Misuse Prevention and Service Improvement Grants Fund. The other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS RSF CD CDE. Performed the experiments: AS DP CB AH EH AC. Analyzed the data: AS CD DP CB AA AC CDE SG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DP CDE SG. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AS. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AS CD DP CB AH AA EH AC CDE SG RSF. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AS CD DP CB AH AA EH AC CDE SG RSF. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AS CD DP CB AH AA EH AC CDE SG RSF. Enrolled patients: AS DP CB AH EH AC.