About the Authors

Hugh MacPherson

hugh.macpherson@york.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Stewart Richmond

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Martin Bland

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Stephen Brealey

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Rhian Gabe

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Ann Hopton

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Ada Keding

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Harriet Lansdown

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Sara Perren

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Mark Sculpher

Affiliation Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Eldon Spackman

Affiliation Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, United Kingdom

David Torgerson

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Ian Watt

Affiliation Hull York Medical School, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HM SR MB MS DT IW. Performed the experiments: HM SR MB SB AH HL SP MS DT IW. Analyzed the data: MB RG AK MS ES. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: HM AK RG ES. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: HM SR MB SB RG AH AK HL SP MS ES DT IW. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: HM SR MB SB RG AH AK HL SP MS ES DT IW. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: HM SR MB SB RG AH AK HL SP MS ES DT IW. Enrolled patients: SR AH.