About the Authors

Bertran Auvert

bertran.auvert@uvsq.fr

Affiliations UMRS-1018, CESP, INSERM Villejuif, France, AP-HP, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne, France, University of Versailles-Saint Quentin, Versailles, France

Dirk Taljaard

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Dino Rech

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Pascale Lissouba

Affiliation UMRS-1018, CESP, INSERM Villejuif, France

Beverley Singh

Affiliation National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa

Julie Bouscaillou

Affiliation UMRS-1018, CESP, INSERM Villejuif, France

Gilles Peytavin

Affiliation AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat - Claude-Bernard, Paris, France

Séverin Guy Mahiane

Affiliation Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Rémi Sitta

Affiliation UMRS-1018, CESP, INSERM Villejuif, France

Adrian Puren

Affiliations National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

David Lewis

Affiliations National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Competing Interests

GP has received travel grants, consultancy fees, honoraria, or study grants from various pharmaceutical companies including Abbott, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Gilead Sciences, Janssen, Merck, Roche, Splicos, and ViiV Healthcare. GP is a member of different committees of the French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (HIV Pharmacology, HIV Resistance, Therapeutic Strategy on HIV and Viral Hepatitis). All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BA. Performed the experiments: DT DR BS GP AP DL. Analyzed the data: BA PL JB GM RS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: BA. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: BA DT DR PL BS JB GP GM RS AP DL. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: BA DT DR PL BS JB GP GM RS AP DL. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: BA DT DR PL BS JB GP GM RS AP DL. Enrolled patients: DT DR.