About the Authors

Norma C. Ware

norma_ware@hms.harvard.edu

Affiliation Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Monique A. Wyatt

Affiliation Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Elvin H. Geng

Affiliation University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Sylvia F. Kaaya

Affiliation Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Oche O. Agbaji

Affiliation Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos University, Jos, Nigeria

Winnie R. Muyindike

Affiliation Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Guerino Chalamilla

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Patricia A. Agaba

Affiliation Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos University, Jos, Nigeria

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NCW. Performed the experiments: NCW MAW SFK OOA WRM GC PAA. Analyzed the data: NCW MAW EHG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EHG. Enrolled patients: MAW SFK OOA WRM GC PAA. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: NCW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: NCW MAW EHG. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: NCW MAW EHG SFK OOA WRM GC PAA. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: NCW MAW EHG SFK OOA WRM GC PAA.