About the Authors

Maya N. Mascarenhas

Contributed equally to this work with: Maya N. Mascarenhas, Seth R. Flaxman

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Seth R. Flaxman

Contributed equally to this work with: Maya N. Mascarenhas, Seth R. Flaxman

Affiliations Machine Learning Department, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, School of Public Policy and Management, H. John Heinz III College, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Ties Boerma

Affiliation Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Sheryl Vanderpoel

Affiliation Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Gretchen A. Stevens

stevensg@who.int

Affiliation Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: GAS. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. MNM and GAS accessed and analyzed health survey data. SRF developed the Bayesian statistical model with input from MNM and GAS. All authors contributed to the study design, analysis, and writing of the report. GAS oversaw the research.