About the Authors

Rosalind E. Howes

rosalind.howes@zoo.ox.ac.uk (REH) (RH); simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk (SIH) (SH)

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Frédéric B. Piel

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anand P. Patil

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Oscar A. Nyangiri

Affiliation Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research-Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya

Peter W. Gething

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Mewahyu Dewi

Affiliation Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia

Mariana M. Hogg

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Katherine E. Battle

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Carmencita D. Padilla

Affiliations Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines, Newborn Screening Reference Center, National Institutes of Health (Philippines), Ermita, Manila, Philippines

J. Kevin Baird

Affiliations Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Simon I. Hay

rosalind.howes@zoo.ox.ac.uk (REH) (RH); simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk (SIH) (SH)

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: REH FBP SIH. Performed the experiments: REH FBP OAN MD MMH KEB APP PWG. Analyzed the data: REH FBP APP PWG SIH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CDP. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: REH. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: FBP SIH JKB. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: REH FBP APP OAN PWG MD MMH KEB CDP JKB SIH. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: REH FBP APP OAN PWG MD MMH KEB CDP JKB SIH.