About the Authors

Aaron Orkin, David VanderBurgh
Division of Clinical Sciences, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Thunder Bay, Canada

Aaron Orkin
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Karen Born
Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Mike Webster
Hamilton Emergency Services, Hamilton, Canada

Sarah Strickland
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

Jackson Beardy
Sachigo Lake First Nation, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

AO, DV and SS have worked for Wilderness Medical Associates International, a wilderness medicine education organization. MW is director of Wilderness Medical Associates International. This organization was not involved in the research submitted as part of this manuscript but does provide medical training to laypersons in remote/wilderness contexts. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: AO DV KB JB. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AO DV. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AO DV KB MW SS JB. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AO DV KB MW SS JB. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AO DV KB MW SS JB.