About the Authors

Fereydoun Ala

Affiliation London, United Kingdom

Jean-Pierre Allain

jpa1000@cam.ac.uk

Affiliation University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Imelda Bates

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kamel Boukef

Affiliation University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

Frank Boulton

Affiliation University of Southampton, London, United Kingdom

James Brandful

Affiliation Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

Elizabeth M. Dax

Affiliation Fitzroy, Australia

Magdy El Ekiaby

Affiliation Shabrawishi Hospital, Giza, Egypt

Albert Farrugia

Affiliation University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

Jed Gorlin

Affiliation Memorial Blood Centers, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Oliver Hassall

Affiliations Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Helen Lee

Affiliation University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

André Loua

Affiliation University of Guinée, Conakry, Guinea

Kathryn Maitland

Affiliation Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Dora Mbanya

Affiliation University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Zainab Mukhtar

Affiliation Transfusion Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan

William Murphy

Affiliation University College, Dublin, Ireland

Ohene Opare-Sem

Affiliation University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Shirley Owusu-Ofori

Affiliation Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Henk Reesink

Affiliation Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

David Roberts

Affiliations University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, NHS Blood and Transplant, Watford, United Kingdom

Oscar Torres

Affiliation Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Grace Totoe

Affiliation Community Blood Center, Duluth, Minnesota, United States of America

Henrik Ullum

Affiliation Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

Silvano Wendel

Affiliation Sirio Libanes Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Competing Interests

FB is Chair of the Board of Medact (http://www.medact.org), a registered charity dedicated to the wellbeing of people affected by war, poverty and environmental damage. FB is also consultant emeritus (unpaid) at the Southampton Centre of NHS Blood and Transplant, the arm of the NHS responsible for what used to be called the Blood Transfusion Service for England, and is occasionally called on for advice on blood donor care. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JPA AF. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Contributed to drafting the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR.