About the Authors

Fereydoun Ala
London, United Kingdom

Jean-Pierre Allain, Helen Lee
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Imelda Bates, Oliver Hassall
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kamel Boukef
University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

Frank Boulton
University of Southampton, London, United Kingdom

James Brandful
Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

Elizabeth M. Dax
Fitzroy, Australia

Magdy El Ekiaby
Shabrawishi Hospital, Giza, Egypt

Albert Farrugia
University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

Jed Gorlin
Memorial Blood Centers, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Oliver Hassall, David Roberts
University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

André Loua
University of Guinée, Conakry, Guinea

Kathryn Maitland
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Dora Mbanya
University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Zainab Mukhtar
Transfusion Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan

William Murphy
University College, Dublin, Ireland

Ohene Opare-Sem
University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Shirley Owusu-Ofori
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Henk Reesink
Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

David Roberts
NHS Blood and Transplant, Watford, United Kingdom

Oscar Torres
Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Grace Totoe
Community Blood Center, Duluth, Minnesota, United States of America

Henrik Ullum
Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

Silvano Wendel
Sirio Libanes Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

FB is Chair of the Board of Medact (http://www.medact.org), a registered charity dedicated to the wellbeing of people affected by war, poverty and environmental damage. FB is also consultant emeritus (unpaid) at the Southampton Centre of NHS Blood and Transplant, the arm of the NHS responsible for what used to be called the Blood Transfusion Service for England, and is occasionally called on for advice on blood donor care. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JPA AF. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Contributed to drafting the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR.