About the Authors

Anna Rosanas-Urgell

Contributed equally to this work with: Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Enmoore Lin

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Enmoore Lin

Contributed equally to this work with: Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Enmoore Lin

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Laurens Manning

Affiliation Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Patricia Rarau

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Moses Laman

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Nicolas Senn

Affiliations PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, Swiss Tropical & Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland

Brian T. Grimberg

Affiliation Center of Global Health & Diseases (CGHD), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Livingstone Tavul

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Danielle I. Stanisic

Affiliations PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, Infection & Immunity Division, Walter+Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Leanne J. Robinson

Affiliations PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, Infection & Immunity Division, Walter+Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

John J. Aponte

Affiliation Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain

Elijah Dabod

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

John C. Reeder

Affiliation The Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia

Peter Siba

Affiliation PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Peter A. Zimmerman

Affiliation Center of Global Health & Diseases (CGHD), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Timothy M. E. Davis

Affiliation Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Christopher L. King

Affiliations Center of Global Health & Diseases (CGHD), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Pascal Michon

Affiliations PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, Faculty of Health Sciences, Divine Word University, Madang, Papua New Guinea

Ivo Mueller

ivomueller@fastmail.fm

Affiliations PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, Infection & Immunity Division, Walter+Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IM PM CLK TMED PAZ PS JCR. Performed the experiments: AR EL LM PR ML NS BTG LT DIS LR ED PM IM. Analyzed the data: JJA IM. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: IM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AR EL LM NS BTG JJA JCR PS PAZ TMED CLK PM IM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AR EL LM PR ML NS BTG LT DIS LR JJA ED JCR PS PAZ TMED CLK PM IM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AR EL LM PR ML NS BTG LT DIS LR JJA ED JCR PS PAZ TMED CLK PM IM. Enrolled patients: LM PR ML NS LT DIS LR ED PM IM.