About the Authors

Shama D. Ahuja
Bureau of Tuberculosis, New York, New York, United States of America

David Ashkin
A.G. Holley Hospital, Lantana, Florida, United States of America

Monika Avendano
University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Rita Banerjee
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of America

Melissa Bauer, Andrea Benedetti, Maria G. Hollm-Delgado, Dick Menzies, Madhukar Pai, Lena Shah
Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Jamie N. Bayona
The Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of America

Mercedes C. Becerra, Salmaan Keshavjee, Carole D. Mitnick
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mercedes C. Becerra
Partners in Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Marcos Burgos
University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

Rosella Centis, Lia D'Ambrosio, Giovanni B. Migliori
WHO Collaborating Centre for TB and Lung Diseases, Care and Research Institute, Fondazione S. Maugeri, Tradate, Italy

Eward D. Chan
Denver Veterans Affair Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Chen-Yuan Chiang
Wan Fang Hospital, School of Medicine-Taipei Medical University, Taiwan

Helen Cox
Médecins Sans Frontières, Capetown, South Africa

Kathy DeRiemer
UC Davis School of Medicine, Davis, California, United States of America

Nguyen Huy Dung
National TB Control Program, Hanoi, Vietnam

Donald Enarson
International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France

Dennis Falzon, Reuben M. Granich
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Katherine Flanagan
MRC Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia

Jennifer Flood
California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, California, United States of America

Maria L. Garcia-Garcia
Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Mexico, Mexico

Neel Gandhi
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America

Timothy H. Holtz
Thailand MOPH & US CDC Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand

Michael D. Iseman, Matthew J. Strand
National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Leah G. Jarlsberg, Sarah Royce
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America

Hye-Ryoun Kim
Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Won-Jung Koh
Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea

Joey Lancaster, Martie Van der Walt
South African Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa

Christophe Lange
Medical Clinic, Tuberculosis Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany

Wiel C. M. de Lange, Robert van Altena, Tjip S. Van der Werf
University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

Vaira Leimane, Vija Riekstina
Clinic of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Riga, Latvia

Chi Chiu Leung
Tuberculosis and Chest Services, Hong Kong

Jiehui Li
New York City Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, United States of America

Sergey P. Mishustin
Tomsk Oblast Tuberculosis Dispensary, Tomsk, Russia

Masa Narita
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Philly O'Riordan
City Road Medical Centre, London, United Kingdom

Domingo Palmero
Hospital F.J. Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Seung-kyu Park
TB Center, Seoul, Korea

Geoffrey Pasvol
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Jose Peña
Universidad Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Carlos Pérez-Guzmán
Instituto de Salud del Estado de Aguascalientes, Mexico, Mexico

Maria I. D. Quelapio, Thelma E. Tupasi
Tropical Disease Foundation, Makati City, Philippines

Alfredo Ponce-de-Leon, José Sifuentes-Osornio
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y de Nutrición “Salvador Zubirán”, Mexico, Mexico

Jerome Robert
Bactériologie-Hygiène – UPMC, Paris, France

H. Simon Schaaf
Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa

Kwonjune J. Seung, Sonya S. Shin
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Tae Sun Shim
University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Yuji Shiraishi
Fukujuji Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Giovanni Sotgiu
University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Payam Tabarsi
Shaheed Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran

Mario H. Vargas
Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Mexico, Mexico

Pirett Viiklepp
National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia

Janice Westenhouse
Center for Infectious Diseases-California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, California, United States of America

Wing Wai Yew
Grantham Hospital, Hong Kong

Jae-Joon Yim
Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Corresponding Author

Dick.Menzies@McGill.ca

Competing Interests

JR is a Consultant for bioMérieux. WWY has been indirectly sponsored to participate in International Conferences by GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer in the last 3 years. CDM is on the Scientific Advisory Board for Otsuka pharmaceuticals development of OPC67683 (Delaminid), a new anti-TB compound. SK received salary support from the Eli Lilly Foundation as part of funding for the activities of Partners In Health by the Foundation's MDR-TB Partnership. This funder was not involved in the study design; collection, analysis and interpretation of data; writing of the paper; and/or decision to submit for publication. The Partners In Health project in Tomsk received funding from Mr. Tom White, the Open Society Institute, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. None of these funders were involved in the study design; collection, analysis and interpretation of data; writing of the paper; and/or decision to submit for publication. KD is an unpaid, volunteer member of the New Diagnostics Working Group (NDWG), formed of members of the Stop TB Partnership. The Secretariat of the NDWG is hosted by FIND (Foundation for New Innovative Diagnostics). JB was working as consultant for Otsuka Pharmaceutical for the implementation of clinical trial in Peru. JB was co PI of a NIH grant in Peru, Epidemiology of Tuberculosis. MP and GP are members of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Performed the experiments. Analyzed the data: SDA DA MA RB MBa JB MCB AB MBu RC EDC CYC HC LD KD NHD DE DF KF JF MLGG NRG RG MGHD THH MDI LGJ SK HRK WJK JLL CL WCMD VL CCL JL DM GBM SM CDM MN PO MP DP SKP GP JMP CPG MIDQ AP VR JR SR HSS KJS LS TSS SSS YS JSO GS MS PT TEP RVA MLV TSV MHV PV JW WWY JJY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SDA DA MA RB MBa JB MCB AB MBu RC EDC CYC HC LD KD NHD DE DF KF JF MLGG NRG RG MGHD THH MDI LGJ SK HRK WJK JLL CL WCMD VL CCL JL DM GBM SM CDM MN PO MP DP SKP GP JMP CPG MIDQ AP VR JR SR HSS KJS LS TSS SSS YS JSO GS MS PT TEP RVA MLV TSV MHV PV JW WWY JJY. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: DM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SDA DA MA RB MBa JB MCB AB MBu RC EDC CYC HC LD KD NHD DE DF KF JF MLGG NRG RG MGHD THH MDI LGJ SK HRK WJK JLL CL WCMD VL CCL JL DM GBM SM CDM MN PO MP DP SKP GP JMP CPG MIDQ AP VR JR SR HSS KJS LS TSS SSS YS JSO GS MS PT TEP RVA MLV TSV MHV PV JW WWY JJY. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SDA DA MA RB MBa JB MCB AB MBu RC EDC CYC HC LD KD NHD DE DF KF JF MLGG NRG RG MGHD THH MDI LGJ SK HRK WJK JLL CL WCMD VL CCL JL DM GBM SM CDM MN PO MP DP SKP GP JMP CPG MIDQ AP VR JR SR HSS KJS LS TSS SSS YS JSO GS MS PT TEP RVA MLV TSV MHV PV JW WWY JJY. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SDA DA MA RB MBa JB MCB AB MBu RC EDC CYC HC LD KD NHD DE DF KF JF MLGG NRG RG MGHD THH MDI LGJ SK HRK WJK JLL CL WCMD VL CCL JL DM GBM SM CDM MN PO MP DP SKP GP JMP CPG MIDQ AP VR JR SR HSS KJS LS TSS SSS YS JSO GS MS PT TEP RVA MLV TSV MHV PV JW WWY JJY.