About the Authors

Nick Daneman

nick.daneman@sunnybrook.ca

Affiliations Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Therese A. Stukel

Affiliations Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Xiaomu Ma

Affiliation Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Marian Vermeulen

Affiliation Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Astrid Guttmann

Affiliations Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Division of Paediatric Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ND TAS AG. Performed the experiments: XM MV TAS. Analyzed the data: ND TAS XM MV AG. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ND. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ND TAS XM MV AG. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ND TAS XM MV AG. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ND TAS XM MV AG.