About the Authors

Craig R. Cohen

ccohen@globalhealth.ucsf.edu

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America, Women's Health & Empowerment Center of Expertise, University of California Global Health Institute, San Francisco, United States of America

Jairam R. Lingappa

Affiliations Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics University of Washington, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Jared M. Baeten

Affiliations Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Musa O. Ngayo

Affiliation Center for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Carol A. Spiegel

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States of America

Ting Hong

Affiliation Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Deborah Donnell

Affiliation Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Connie Celum

Affiliations Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Saidi Kapiga

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Sinead Delany

Affiliation Wits Reproductive Health & HIV Institute, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Elizabeth A. Bukusi

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America, Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics University of Washington, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Center for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CRC JRL CAS MON EAB. Performed the experiments: CRC, JRL, CAS, MON, EAB. Analyzed the data: CRC JRL JMB TH DD. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: CRC TH JMB JRL. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: CRC JRL JMB TH DD CC EAB CAS SK SD. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: CRC JRL JMB TH DD CC EAB CAS SK SD MON. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: CRC JRL JMB TH DD CC EAB CAS SK SD MON.