About the Authors

Peter Ventevogel, Willem van de Put, Bibiane van Mierlo, Ivan H. Komproe
Department of Research and Development, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Hafizullah Faiz
Mental Health Project, International Medical Corps, Kabul, Afghanistan

Majeed Siddiqi
Country Office Afghanistan, HealthNet TPO, Kabul, Afghanistan

Ivan H. Komproe
Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

PV, WvdP, BvM, MS, and IHK are employees of HealthNet TPO. HF worked with HealthNet TPO from 2002 to 2009. PV has been a member of the Guidelines Development Committee for Mental, Neurological and Substance Use Disorders in Non-Specialized Health Settings of the World Health Organization (2008–2010) and of the Board of the Section Transcultural Psychiatry of the Dutch Association for Psychiatry (NVvP). PV is also paid by the NGO War Trauma Foundation as Editor in Chief of Intervention, the International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial Work and Counselling in Areas of Armed Conflict. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the institutions that they serve.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: PV HF BvM IK. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: PV. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: PV WvdP HF BvM MS IK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PV WvdP HF BvM MS IK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: PV WvdP HF BvM MS IK. Wrote the first draft of the case example in Box 1: HF. Wrote the first draft of the case example in Box 2: BvM.