About the Authors

Mirjam Kretzschmar

mirjam.kretzschmar@rivm.nl

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Marie-Josée J. Mangen

Affiliation Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Paulo Pinheiro

Affiliation School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Beate Jahn

Affiliations Institute of Public Health, Medical Decision Making and Health Technology Assessment, Department of Public Health and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT—University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria, Division of Public Health Decision Modelling, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economics, Oncotyrol Center for Personalized Cancer Medicine, Innsbruck, Austria

Eric M. Fèvre

Affiliation Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Silvia Longhi

Affiliation Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy

Taavi Lai

Affiliations National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia, Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Arie H. Havelaar

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Claudia Stein

Affiliation Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark

Alessandro Cassini

Affiliation European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

Piotr Kramarz

Affiliation European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

for the BCoDE consortium

Competing Interests

MJM received funding for a related tender by ECDC. AH and EF are members of the World Health Organization's Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG). AC and PK are employed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC, http://www.ecdc.europa.eu) and ECDC provided a grant which co-funded this study.

Author Contributions

Conceived the project: MK MJM AH AC PK. Analyzed the data: MJM PP BJ EF SL TL. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: MK. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK.