About the Authors

Johanna I. Westbrook

J.Westbrook@unsw.edu.au

Affiliation Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Margaret Reckmann

Affiliation Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Ling Li

Affiliation Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

William B. Runciman

Affiliation School of Psychology, Social Work & Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

Rosemary Burke

Affiliation Pharmacy Department, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Connie Lo

Address Current address: Information Management and Technology Division, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Sydney, Australia

Affiliation Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Melissa T. Baysari

Affiliation Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Jeffrey Braithwaite

Affiliation Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Richard O. Day

Affiliation Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, and Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Competing Interests

WBR has in the past had shares, and acted as a consultant to give general advice on incident reporting to Patient Safety International (PSI), which was then bought by ISOFT, which in turn has been bought by Computing Services Corporation. He was a board member of PSI, which at that stage was, but is no longer, a subsidiary of the not-for-profit research organisation, the Australian Patient Safety Foundation (APSF), of which he has been and is President. RB spoke on "Electronic medication management and the Hospital pharmacist" at the Cerner Regional User Group meeting in 2010. This was at the request of her employer. She personally received no honorarium or fees from this speaking engagement. All other authors declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JIW ROD JB WBR. Analyzed the data: JIW LL. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JIW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JIW MR LL WBR MTB JB ROD. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: JIW MR LL WBR RB CL MTB JB ROD. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: JIW MR LL WBR RB CL MTB JB ROD. Collected the data: MR CL. Provided technical advice regarding the systems being evaluated: RB MTB CL.