About the Authors

Grant A. Mackenzie, Ian D. Plumb, Debasish Saha, Uchendu Uchendu, Bolanle Akinsola, Usman N. Ikumapayi, Ignatius Baldeh, Effua Usuf, Kebba Touray, Momodou Jasseh, Stephen R. C. Howie, Andre Wattiaux, Richard A. Adegbola, Philip C. Hill
MRC Unit, Fajara and Basse stations, The Gambia, West Africa

Sana Sambou, Effua Usuf
Disease Control Programme, Department of State for Health, Government of The Gambia, The Quadrangle, Banjul, The Gambia, West Africa

Ellen Lee, Maria Deloria Knoll, Orin S. Levine
PneumoADIP, International Vaccine Access Centre, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Brian M. Greenwood
Infectious & Tropical Diseases Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Richard A. Adegbola
Global Health, Infectious Diseases Division, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Philip C. Hill
Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GM IP SS MJ SH AW EL MK OL BG RA PH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: UU BA UI RA DS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: PH GM IP. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: PH GM IP SS DS UU BA UI IB EU KT MJ SH AW EL MK OL BG RA PH. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PH GM IP SS DS UU BA UI IB EU KT MJ SH AW EL MK OL BG RA PH. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: PH GM IP SS DS UU BA UI IB EU KT MJ SH AW EL MK OL BG RA PH.