About the Authors
Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
International University of Health and Welfare Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
Kitasato Clinical Research Center, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan
Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Department of Epidemiology and International Health, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Conceived and designed the experiments: NI ME KS. Performed the experiments: NI KS. Analyzed the data: NI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MN ME. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: NI. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: NI MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: NI MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. Supervised the research: KS. Literature search and data collection of exposures, relative risks and mortality: NI MI HIso MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS.