About the Authors

Anna Vassall

Affiliations Department of Global Health, and Amsterdam Institute of Global Health and Development, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Sanne van Kampen

Affiliation Department of Global Health, and Amsterdam Institute of Global Health and Development, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Hojoon Sohn

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Canada

Joy S. Michael

Affiliation Christian Medical College, Vellore, India

K. R. John

Affiliation National TB Program, Vellore, India

Saskia den Boon

Affiliation Makerere University - University of California, San Francisco (MU-UCSF) Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda

J. Lucian Davis

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, United States of America

Andrew Whitelaw

Affiliations National Health Laboratory Service, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, Division of Medical Microbiology and Institute for Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Mark P. Nicol

Affiliations National Health Laboratory Service, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, Division of Medical Microbiology and Institute for Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Maria Tarcela Gler

Affiliation Tropical Disease Foundation, Manila, Philippines

Anar Khaliqov

Affiliation Special Treatment Institution, Baku, Azerbaijan

Carlos Zamudio

Affiliation Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Mark D. Perkins

Affiliation Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND), Geneva, Switzerland

Catharina C. Boehme

Affiliation Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND), Geneva, Switzerland

Frank Cobelens

f.cobelens@aighd.org

Affiliation Department of Global Health, and Amsterdam Institute of Global Health and Development, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AV Svk FC. Analyzed the data: AV Svk FC. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AV Svk FC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AV SvK HS JSM KRJ SdB JLD AW MPN MTG AK CZ MDP CCB FC. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AV SvK HS JSM KRJ SdB JLD AW MPN MTG AK CZ MDP CCB FC. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AV SvK HS JSM KRJ SdB JLD AW MPN MTG AK CZ MDP CCB FC. AV, Svk, and FC designed the overall study and the decision analytic model. SvK constructed the model. AV, SvK, and HS designed and carried out cost data collection. AV, SvK, and FC analyzed the final data and developed the first manuscript draft. JSM, KRJ, SdB, JLD, AW, MPN, MTG, AK, CZ, CCB, and MDP contributed to collecting and analyzing the diagnostic field data on which the decision models were based. All authors contributed to data collection, interpretation of data and revision of the article.