About the Authors

Augustine Talumba Choko

augutc@gmail.com

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi

Nicola Desmond

Affiliations Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Emily L. Webb

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Kondwani Chavula

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi

Sue Napierala-Mavedzenge

Affiliation Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Charlotte A. Gaydos

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Simon D. Makombe

Affiliation HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi

Treza Chunda

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi

S. Bertel Squire

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Neil French

Affiliation Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Victor Mwapasa

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi

Elizabeth L. Corbett

Affiliations Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ATC ND ELW KC SNM CAG SDM TC SBS NF VM ELC. Performed the experiments: ELC ND ATC KC. Analyzed the data: ELC ND ATC ELW KC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ELC ND ATC ELW CAG. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ELC ATC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ATC ND ELW KC SNM CAG SDM TC SBS NF VM ELC. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ATC ND ELW KC SNM CAG SDM TC SBS NF VM ELC. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ATC ND ELW KC SNM CAG SDM TC SBS NF VM ELC.