About the Authors

Kimmo Herttua, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland

Kimmo Herttua, Pekka Martikainen
Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Jussi Vahtera
Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

Mika Kivimäki
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Mika Kivimäki
Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KH PM JV MK. Analyzed the data: KH. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: KH. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: KH PM JV MK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: KH PM JV MK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: KH PM JV MK. Formulated the hypothesis: KH MK.