About the Authors

Stephen S. Lim, Nancy Fullman, Christopher J. L. Murray, Emmanuela Gakidou
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Andrew Stokes
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Nirmala Ravishankar
Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Felix Masiye
Department of Economics, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SL EG NR FM CJLM. Analyzed the data: NF AS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SL. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SL EG NF NR AS FM CJLM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SL NF AS NR FM CJLM EG. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SL NF AS NR FM CJLM EG.