About the Authors

Stephen S. Lim

stevelim@u.washington.edu

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nancy Fullman

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Andrew Stokes

Affiliation Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Nirmala Ravishankar

Affiliation Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Felix Masiye

Affiliation Department of Economics, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Christopher J. L. Murray

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Emmanuela Gakidou

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SL EG NR FM CJLM. Analyzed the data: NF AS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SL. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SL EG NF NR AS FM CJLM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SL NF AS NR FM CJLM EG. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SL NF AS NR FM CJLM EG.