About the Authors

Wolf-Peter Schmidt

Affiliation Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Motoi Suzuki

Affiliation Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Vu Dinh Thiem

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Richard G. White

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Ataru Tsuzuki

Affiliation Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Lay-Myint Yoshida

Affiliation Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Hideki Yanai

Affiliation Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Ubydul Haque

Affiliation Department of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway

Le Huu Tho

Affiliation Khanh Hoa Health Service, Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa, Vietnam

Dang Duc Anh

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Koya Ariyoshi

kari@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

Affiliations Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan, Global COE Program, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WPS MS KA UH AT DDA VDT HY LHT LMY. Performed the experiments: WPS MS UH AT RGW. Analyzed the data: WPS MS UH AT RGW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KA MS DDA LHT VDT HY LMY. Wrote the paper: WPS MS KA RGW. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: WPS MS KA UH AT DDA VDT HY LHT LMY RGW. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: WPS MS KA UH AT DDA VDT HY LHT LMY RGW.