About the Authors

Imelda Bates, Sue Purnell
Disease Control Strategy Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Richard Phillips, Harry Tagbor
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Richard Phillips, Ruby Martin-Peprah
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Gibson Kibiki
Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

Oumar Gaye
Department of Medical Parasitology, Dakar Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal

Kamija Phiri
College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi

Corresponding Author

ibates@liv.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the project: IB SP. Performed the project: IB SP RP RMP. Analyzed the data: IB SP RP RMP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: IB SP RP RMP GK OG KP HT. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: IB. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: IB SP RP RMP. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: IB SP RP RMP GK OG KP HT. Agree with manuscript′s results and conclusions: IB SP RP RMP GK OG KP HT.