About the Authors

Stijn Van de Velde, Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove
Centre of Expertise, Belgian Red Cross-Flanders, Mechelen, Belgium

Jimmy Volmink
Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. For reasons of transparancy we declare that Stijn Van de Velde received funding from the Laerdal Foundation of Acute Medicine for a trial on bystander helping behaviour for myocardial infarction following first aid training.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the paper: SVDV. Contributed to the writing of the paper: ED PV JV. ICMJE criteria read and met: SVDV EDB PV JV. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SVDV EDB PV JV. Designed the guideline development plan: SVDV PV JV. Performed the systematic reviews: SVDV ED. Chaired the guideline development group: JV. Guarantor of the guideline: JV. Chaired the AFAM steering group: PV.