About the Authors
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
United Nations Children's Fund/United Nations Development Programme/World Bank/World Health Organization Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva Switzerland
Medical Faculty, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
Zankli Medical Centre, Abuja, Nigeria
Bushullo Major Health Centre, Awassa, Ethiopia
Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal
National Tuberculosis Institute, Sana'a, Yemen
Southern Region Health Bureau, Awassa, Ethiopia
Wuse General Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Andrew Ramsay is employed by WHO/TDR, the institution administering the grants from USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation that funded this work. The other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: LEC NA-S LL MAY IA NA JBS ANA ENE YM MIO JOB MA AA GH RMA ST C-MN JJ BF SBS AR. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: LEC NA-S LL MAY IA NA JBS ANA ENE YM MIO JOB MA AA GH RMA ST C-MN JJ BF SBS AR. Enrolled patients: NA-S LL IA NA JBS ANA ENE MIO JOB. Conceived and designed the experiments: LEC MAY AR BF. Performed the experiments: NA-S LL IA NA JBS NAA ENE YM MIO JOB MA AA GH. Analyzed the data: LEC MAY AR BF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GH C-MN JJ. Wrote the paper: LEC MAY AR SBS RMA ST BF. Acted as field director: NA-S LL IA NAA JBS. Obtained national ethical approval: NA-S LL IA NAA JBS. Facilitated insertion of the study into the National Control Programme: AA MA LL JBS.