About the Authors

Stefan P. Kuster

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Ashleigh R. Tuite

Affiliation Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jeffrey C. Kwong

Affiliations Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Allison McGeer

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

the Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network

Membership of the Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network is provided in the Acknowledgments.

David N. Fisman

david.fisman@utoronto.ca; david.fisman@gmail.com

Affiliations Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

DNF has received research funding from GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, and Sanofi Pasteur, all of which manufacture vaccines against respiratory pathogens. AM has received research funding from GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi Pasteur. The other authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SPK ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SPK ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Designed the experiments/the study: DNF. Analyzed the data: SPK DNF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Enrolled patients: AM TIBDN. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SPK DNF. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SPK DNF.