About the Authors

Mulindi H. Mwanahamuntu

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Vikrant V. Sahasrabuddhe

Affiliation Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Sharon Kapambwe

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Krista S. Pfaendler

Affiliation University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Carla Chibwesha

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Gracilia Mkumba

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Victor Mudenda

Affiliation University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Michael L. Hicks

Affiliation Michigan Cancer Institute, Pontiac, Michigan, United States of America

Sten H. Vermund

Affiliation Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Jeffrey S. A. Stringer

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Groesbeck P. Parham

groesbeck.parham@cidrz.org or doctorparham@hotmail.com

Affiliations Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MHM VVS SK KSP CC GM VM MLH SHV JSS GPP. Wrote the first draft: VVS MHM GPP. Wrote the manuscript: MHM VVS SK KSP CC GM VM MLH SHV JSS GPP. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MHM VVS SK KSP CC GM VM MLH SHV JSS GPP. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MHM VVS SK KSP CC GM VM MLH SHV JSS GPP.