About the Authors

Haileyesus Getahun, Reuben Granich
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Jay K. Varma
Thailand Ministry of Public Health - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Charles M. Heilig, Kevin P. Cain, Anand A. Date, Jay K. Varma
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America

Elizabeth L. Corbett, Helen Ayles, Alison D. Grant, Stephen D. Lawn
Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Helen Ayles
ZAMBART Project, University of Zambia Ridgeway Campus, Lusaka, Zambia

Gavin J. Churchyard
Aurum Institute for Health Research, Johannesburg, South Africa

Michael Kimerling
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, United States of America

Sarita Shah
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, United States of America

Stephen D. Lawn, Robin Wood
Desmond Tutu HIV Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Gary Maartens
Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Corresponding Author

getahunh@who.int

Competing Interests

HG and RG are staff members of the World Health Organization. The authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this publication and they do not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: HG WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: HG WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Designed the experiments/the study: HG CMH KPC GJC MK JKV. Analyzed the data: HG WK CMH KPC GJC SS AAD JKV. Collected data/did experiments for the study: HG ELC HA ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM JKV. Enrolled patients: ELC HA ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: HG JKV. Contributed to the writing of the paper: WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Conducted the data retrieval and cleaning: WK. Designed the principal analytic method, supervised overall statistical analysis, and aided with interpretation of its results: CMH. Responsible for literature review to identify studies to be included in the meta-analysis: AAD. Member of the team to develop and finalize the data analysis plan: AAD.