About the Authors

Haileyesus Getahun

getahunh@who.int

Affiliation World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Wanitchaya Kittikraisak

Affiliation Thailand Ministry of Public Health - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Charles M. Heilig

Affiliation United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America

Elizabeth L. Corbett

Affiliation Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Helen Ayles

Affiliations Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, ZAMBART Project, University of Zambia Ridgeway Campus, Lusaka, Zambia

Kevin P. Cain

Affiliation United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America

Alison D. Grant

Affiliation Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Gavin J. Churchyard

Affiliation Aurum Institute for Health Research, Johannesburg, South Africa

Michael Kimerling

Affiliation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, United States of America

Sarita Shah

Affiliation Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, United States of America

Stephen D. Lawn

Affiliations Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Desmond Tutu HIV Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Robin Wood

Affiliation Desmond Tutu HIV Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Gary Maartens

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Reuben Granich

Affiliation World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Anand A. Date

Affiliation United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America

Jay K. Varma

Affiliations Thailand Ministry of Public Health - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America

Competing Interests

HG and RG are staff members of the World Health Organization. The authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this publication and they do not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: HG WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: HG WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Designed the experiments/the study: HG CMH KPC GJC MK JKV. Analyzed the data: HG WK CMH KPC GJC SS AAD JKV. Collected data/did experiments for the study: HG ELC HA ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM JKV. Enrolled patients: ELC HA ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: HG JKV. Contributed to the writing of the paper: WK CMH ELC HA KPC ADG GJC MK SS SDL RW GM RG AAD JKV. Conducted the data retrieval and cleaning: WK. Designed the principal analytic method, supervised overall statistical analysis, and aided with interpretation of its results: CMH. Responsible for literature review to identify studies to be included in the meta-analysis: AAD. Member of the team to develop and finalize the data analysis plan: AAD.