About the Authors

Matthias Egger

egger@ispm.unibe.ch

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Switzerland

Ben D. Spycher

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Switzerland

John Sidle

Affiliation Moi University School of Medicine, Eldoret, Kenya

Ralf Weigel

Affiliation Lighthouse Trust, Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi

Elvin H. Geng

Affiliation Division of HIV/AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Matthew P. Fox

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Patrick MacPhail

Affiliation Right to Care, Themba Lethu Clinic, Helen Joseph Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa

Gilles van Cutsem

Affiliation Khayelitsha Médecins sans Frontières programme, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Eugène Messou

Affiliation Centre de Prise en Charge, de Recherche et de Formation sur le VIH/SIDA, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Robin Wood

Affiliation Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Cape Town, South Africa

Denis Nash

Affiliation Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Margaret Pascoe

Affiliation Newlands Clinic, Harare, Zimbabwe

Diana Dickinson

Affiliation Independent Surgery, Gaborone, Botswana

Jean-François Etard

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement/UMR 145, Montpellier, France

James A. McIntyre

Affiliation Perinatal HIV Research Unit, Soweto, South Africa

Martin W. G. Brinkhof

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Switzerland

for IeDEA East Africa, West Africa and Southern Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ME BDS JS RW EHG MPF PM GvC EM RW DN MP DD JFE JAM MWB. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: ME BDS JS RW EHG MPF PM GvC EM RW DN MP DD JFE JAM MWB. Designed the experiments/the study: ME JFE MWB. Analyzed the data: ME BDS JFE MWB. Collected data/did experiments for the study: JS RW EHG PM GvC EM RW DN MP DD JAM. Enrolled patients: RW PM EM RW MP DD. Wrote the first draft of the paper: ME MWB. Contributed to the writing of the paper: BDS JS EHG MPF PM EM RW DN JFE JAM MWB. Responsible for data quality corrections to the AMPATH data: JS. Critical review of manuscript drafts: DN.