About the Authors

Robert C. Swanson
Department of Health Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States of America

Annette Bongiovanni
The QED Group LLC, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Elizabeth Bradley, Varnee Murugan
Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Jesper Sundewall
Division of Global Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Arvind Betigeri
Health Systems Action Network, New Delhi, India

Frank Nyonator
Ministry of Health, Accra, Ghana

Adriano Cattaneo
Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy

Brandi Harless
EntrePaducah, Paducah, Kentucky, United States of America

Andrey Ostrovsky
Health Systems Action Network, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Ronald Labonté
Institute of Population and Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

RCS received US$1000 from the Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health for partially funding one of the attended conferences. He also shared a room for one night while attending a different conference with a colleague that was paid for by the NGO Food for the Hungry.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: RCS AB EB VM JS AB FN AC BH AO RL. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: RCS AB EB VM JS AB FN AC BH AO RL. Designed the experiments/the study: RCS VM. Analyzed the data: RCS AB VM BH AO. Collected data/did experiments for the study: RCS VM AO. Wrote the first draft of the paper: RCS. Contributed to the writing of the paper: RCS AB EB VM JS AB FN AC AO RL. Reviewed the 11 key documents, discussed the contents of the manuscript during the various drafting phases: AB.