About the Authors

Shengxu Li

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Jing Hua Zhao

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Jian'an Luan

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Ulf Ekelund

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Robert N. Luben

Affiliation Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Kay-Tee Khaw

Affiliation Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nicholas J. Wareham

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Ruth J. F. Loos

ruth.loos@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SL JHZ JL UE RNL KTK NJW RJFL. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SL JHZ JL UE RNL KTK NJW RJFL. Designed the experiments/the study: SL RNL KTK NJW RJFL. Analyzed the data: SL JHZ JL. Collected data/did experiments for the study: JL KTK NJW. Enrolled patients: KTK NJW. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SL. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SL JHZ UE KTK NJW RJFL. Involved in design and analysis of the genome-wide association data associated with the EPIC-Norfolk study: JHZ. Contributed to the interpretation of the data: UE. Conception and design of the study and the acquisition of the data: RNL.