About the Authors
INSERM U1018 Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations (CESP), Villejuif, France
Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa
Society for Family Health, Johannesburg, South Africa
National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) Johannesburg, South Africa
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
INSERM U1018 CESP, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin, Versailles, France
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PL DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM CM DL SB BA. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PL DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM CM DL SB BA. Designed the experiments/the study: DR BA. Analyzed the data: PL DR CM BA. Collected data/did experiments for the study: DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM BA. Enrolled patients: DT DR DS CN JOD TM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PL BA. Contributed to the writing of the paper: PL DT DR CN TM CM DL SB. Performed the surgical procedures: DT SD JOD TM. Designed and developed the surgical model used to perform the safe, high-volume, high-quality surgery performed at the research site: DR. Responsible for all the medical procedures staff and systems as the medical manager: DR. Designed elements of the surgical model: SD. Part of initial team that developed surgical model: TM. Performed on-site audit for postoperative infection: DL. Financial management of the project: DL.