About the Authors

Pascale Lissouba

Affiliation INSERM U1018 Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations (CESP), Villejuif, France

Dirk Taljaard

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Dino Rech

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Sean Doyle

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Daniel Shabangu

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Cynthia Nhlapo

Affiliation Society for Family Health, Johannesburg, South Africa

Josephine Otchere-Darko

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Thabo Mashigo

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Caitlin Matson

Affiliation Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa

David Lewis

Affiliations National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) Johannesburg, South Africa, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Scott Billy

Affiliation Society for Family Health, Johannesburg, South Africa

Bertran Auvert

bertran.auvert@uvsq.fr

Affiliations INSERM U1018 Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations (CESP), Villejuif, France, INSERM U1018 CESP, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France, University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin, Versailles, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PL DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM CM DL SB BA. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PL DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM CM DL SB BA. Designed the experiments/the study: DR BA. Analyzed the data: PL DR CM BA. Collected data/did experiments for the study: DT DR SD DS CN JOD TM BA. Enrolled patients: DT DR DS CN JOD TM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PL BA. Contributed to the writing of the paper: PL DT DR CN TM CM DL SB. Performed the surgical procedures: DT SD JOD TM. Designed and developed the surgical model used to perform the safe, high-volume, high-quality surgery performed at the research site: DR. Responsible for all the medical procedures staff and systems as the medical manager: DR. Designed elements of the surgical model: SD. Part of initial team that developed surgical model: TM. Performed on-site audit for postoperative infection: DL. Financial management of the project: DL.