About the Authors

Philip Bejon

pbejon@kilifi.kemri-wellcome.org

Affiliations Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Thomas N. Williams

Affiliations Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anne Liljander

Affiliation Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Abdisalan M. Noor

Affiliations Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom, Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

Juliana Wambua

Affiliation Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

Edna Ogada

Affiliation Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

Ally Olotu

Affiliation Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

Faith H. A. Osier

Affiliation Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

Simon I. Hay

Affiliation Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anna Färnert

Affiliation Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Kevin Marsh

Affiliations Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PB TNW AL AMN JW EO AO FHO SIH AF KM. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PB TNW AL AMN JW EO AO FHO SIH AF KM. Designed the experiments/the study: PB FHO KM. Analyzed the data: PB. Collected data/did experiments for the study: PB TNW AL JW EO AO FHO SIH. Enrolled patients: PB TNW JW EO. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PB. Contributed to the writing of the paper: PB TNW AL AMN AO FHO SIH KM. Overall data manager for the cohorts from which these data were derived and was responsible for data integrity: EO. Contributed data, interpretation, and writing of the paper: AF.