About the Authors

Toby Leslie

toby.leslie@lshtm.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, HeathNet TPO, Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Marnie Briceño

Affiliation Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Ismail Mayan

Affiliation HeathNet TPO, Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Nasir Mohammed

Affiliation HeathNet TPO, Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Eveline Klinkenberg

Affiliation HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Carol Hopkins Sibley

Affiliation Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Christopher J. M. Whitty

Affiliation Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Mark Rowland

Affiliation Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

Other than the partial funding by GlaxoSmithKline of this investigator-initiated study, CJMW has received funding for investigator -initiated research from Pfizer. None of the other authors have conflicts of interest to declare.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: TL MB IM NM EK CHS CJMW MR. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: TL MB IM NM EK CHS CJMW MR. Designed the experiments/the study: TL IM EK CJMW MR. Analyzed the data: TL MB EK CHS CJMW MR. Collected data/did experiments for the study: TL MB IM NM CHS. Enrolled patients: NM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: TL. Contributed to the writing of the paper: TL MB IM EK CHS CJMW MR. Planned and executed molecular analysis, analyzed molecular data, and edited final draft: CHS.