About the Authors

Peter H. Whincup

p.whincup@sgul.ac.uk

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Claire M. Nightingale

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Christopher G. Owen

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Alicja R. Rudnicka

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Ian Gibb

Affiliation Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle, United Kingdom

Catherine M. McKay

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Angela S. Donin

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Naveed Sattar

Affiliation BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

K. George M. M. Alberti

Affiliation Division of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Derek G. Cook

Affiliation Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PHW CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PHW CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Designed the experiments/the study: PHW KGMA DC. Analyzed the data: PHW CN AR. Collected data/did experiments for the study: PHW CN CGO IG CM AD NS DC. Enrolled patients: PHW. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PHW. Contributed to the writing of the paper: CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Responsible for data integrity: CGO. Involved in data management for this study: AR. Performed hormone assays: KGMA. Raised funding: PHW DC.