About the Authors

Margaret E. Kruk, Ana Romàn Quiñones
Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Andreas Wladis
Department of Surgery, Söder Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Naboth Mbembati
Department of Surgery, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

S. Khady Ndao-Brumblay
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Renee Y. Hsia
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Moses Galukande
Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Sam Luboga
Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Alphonsus Matovu
Department of Surgery, Kamuli Mission Hospital, Kamuli, Uganda

Helder de Miranda
School of Medicine, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira, Mozambique

Doruk Ozgediz
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Peter C. Rockers
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Johan von Schreeb
Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Fernando Vaz
Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Maputo, Mozambique

Haile T. Debas, Sarah B. Macfarlane
University of California, San Francisco, Global Health Sciences, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

mkruk@columbia.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MEK AW NM SKNB RYH MG SL AM HdM DO ARQ PCR JvS FV HTD SBM. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MEK AW NM SKNB RYH MG SL AM HdM DO ARQ PCR JvS FV HTD SBM. Designed the experiments/the study: MEK AW MG DO JvS SBM. Analyzed the data: MEK AW SKNB RYH MG HdM DO PCR SBM. Collected data/did experiments for the study: AW NM SL AM DO ARQ. Wrote the first draft of the paper: NM RYH. Contributed to the writing of the paper: MEK AW NM SKNB RYH MG SL AM HdM DO ARQ PCR JvS FV HTD SBM. Collected data from the Ugandan hospitals; contributed to final data collection tool: MG. Responsible for data integrity: ARQ. Responsible for Mozambique data integrity: FV. Helped initiate the studies to provide evidence for our efforts to advocate for increased access to essential surgery in resource-constrained settings in sub-Saharan Africa: HTD. Jointly responsible for overall program design and implementation: SBM.