About the Authors

Jeffrey S. A. Stringer, Dara Potter, Lungowe Njobvu
University of Alabama at Birmingham Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Michelle S. McConnell, Bongkoch Jetsawang
Thailand Ministry of Public Health—US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Michelle S. McConnell, Omotayo Bolu, Nathan Shaffer
Global AIDS Program, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

James Kiarie, Peter Muiruri, John Odero Ong'ech
Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya

James Kiarie, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, John Odero Ong'ech
University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Thanomsak Anekthananon
Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Tavatchai Jariyasethpong
Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

Dara Potter, Isaac Zulu, Marc Bulterys
Global AIDS Program, CDC-Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Winnie Mutsotso, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha
Global AIDS Program, CDC-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Craig B. Borkowf, Sonal Pathak, Paul J. Weidle
Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Isaac Zulu
University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Sonal Pathak
Northrup-Grumman Corporation, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ LN BJ SP MB NS PW. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ LN BJ SP MB NS PW. Designed the experiments/the study: JSAS MSM JNK TA TJ DMN JOO IZ BJ NS PW. Analyzed the data: JSAS JNK OB TJ CBB JOO SP NS PW. Collected data/did experiments for the study: MSM JNK TA TJ DP PM JOO LN. Enrolled patients: MSM JNK TA TJ DP PM JOO LN BJ. Wrote the first draft of the paper: JSAS TJ CBB PW. Contributed to the writing of the paper: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ MB NS PW. Supervised the study: JSAS. Developed the protocol, and responsible for study implementation and data collection and integrity at two sites: MSM. Participated in the coordination of the study, and helped to provide technical input and support: OB. Provided administrative supervision and support during study implementation as the Project Officer in charge of the program; reviewed and contributed to writing of the study protocol for Kenya: WM. Contributed to discussions of data and results: IZ. Responsible for data integrity: LN. Responsible for data integrity and quality: SP. Provided leadership in development of the protocol, IRB clearance, securing funding, organizing collaborator meetings, and communications: NS.