About the Authors

Jeffrey S. A. Stringer

stringer@cidrz.org

Affiliation University of Alabama at Birmingham Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Michelle S. McConnell

Affiliations Thailand Ministry of Public Health—US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand, Global AIDS Program, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

James Kiarie

Affiliations Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Omotayo Bolu

Affiliation Global AIDS Program, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Thanomsak Anekthananon

Affiliation Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Tavatchai Jariyasethpong

Affiliation Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

Dara Potter

Affiliations University of Alabama at Birmingham Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, Global AIDS Program, CDC-Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Winnie Mutsotso

Affiliation Global AIDS Program, CDC-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Craig B. Borkowf

Affiliation Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha

Affiliations University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya, Global AIDS Program, CDC-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Peter Muiruri

Affiliation Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya

John Odero Ong'ech

Affiliations Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Isaac Zulu

Affiliations Global AIDS Program, CDC-Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

Lungowe Njobvu

Affiliation University of Alabama at Birmingham Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Bongkoch Jetsawang

Affiliation Thailand Ministry of Public Health—US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Sonal Pathak

Affiliations Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Northrup-Grumman Corporation, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Marc Bulterys

Affiliation Global AIDS Program, CDC-Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Nathan Shaffer

Affiliation Global AIDS Program, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Paul J. Weidle

Affiliation Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ LN BJ SP MB NS PW. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ LN BJ SP MB NS PW. Designed the experiments/the study: JSAS MSM JNK TA TJ DMN JOO IZ BJ NS PW. Analyzed the data: JSAS JNK OB TJ CBB JOO SP NS PW. Collected data/did experiments for the study: MSM JNK TA TJ DP PM JOO LN. Enrolled patients: MSM JNK TA TJ DP PM JOO LN BJ. Wrote the first draft of the paper: JSAS TJ CBB PW. Contributed to the writing of the paper: JSAS MSM JNK OB TA TJ DP WM CBB DMN PM JOO IZ MB NS PW. Supervised the study: JSAS. Developed the protocol, and responsible for study implementation and data collection and integrity at two sites: MSM. Participated in the coordination of the study, and helped to provide technical input and support: OB. Provided administrative supervision and support during study implementation as the Project Officer in charge of the program; reviewed and contributed to writing of the study protocol for Kenya: WM. Contributed to discussions of data and results: IZ. Responsible for data integrity: LN. Responsible for data integrity and quality: SP. Provided leadership in development of the protocol, IRB clearance, securing funding, organizing collaborator meetings, and communications: NS.