About the Authors

Sam Luboga, Moses Galukande, Patrick Sekimpi, Cephas Mijumbi
Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Sarah B. Macfarlane, Renee Y. Hsia, Sudha P. Jayaraman, Lindsey A. Lubbock, Haile T. Debas
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Johan von Schreeb, Staffan Bergström, Andreas Wladis
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Margaret E. Kruk, Charles Mock
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Meena N. Cherian, Delanyo Dovlo
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Paul B. M. Bossyns
Belgian Technical Cooperation, Brussels, Belgium

Ernest Denerville
Institute of Tropical Medicine of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Doruk Ozgediz
University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Ahmed Zakariah
National Ambulance Services, Accra, Ghana

Naméoua Babadi Dade
Centre Hospitalier Régional, Dosso, Niger

Peter Donkor
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Jane Kabutu Gatumbu
Kenyan Society of Anesthesia, Nairobi, Kenya

Patrick Hoekman
Belgian Technical Cooperation, Niamey, Niger

Carel B. IJsselmuiden
Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED), Geneva, Switzerland

Dean T. Jamison
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nasreen Jessani
International Development Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya

Peter Jiskoot
Clinical Officer Training, Limbe, Malawi

Ignatius Kakande
National University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda

Jacqueline R. Mabweijano
Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Naboth Mbembati, Charles A. Mkony
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Colin McCord
Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Helder de Miranda
Catholic University, School of Medicine, Beira, Mozambique

Pascoal Mocumbi, Jean Bosco Ndihokubwayo
World Health Organization, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo

Pierre Ngueumachi
Medical School of Universite des Montagnes, Douala, Cameroon

Gebreamlak Ogbaselassie
Ministry of Health and United Nations Population Fund, Asmara, Eritrea

Evariste Lodi Okitombahe
Belgium Technical Cooperation, Dakar, Senegal

Cheikh Tidiane Toure
Université Cheickh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal

Fernando Vaz
Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Maputo, Mozambique

Charlotte M. Zikusooka
HealthNet, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Author

Macfarlane@globalhealth.ucsf.edu

Competing Interests

Several of the authors are staff members of the World Health Organization. They and the other authors are responsible for the views expressed in this publication and they do not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SL SBM JvS MEK MNC SB PBB ED DD MG RYH SJ LAL C Mock DO PS AW AZ NBD PD JKG PH CI DTJ NJ PJ IK JRM NM C McCord C Mijumbi HdM CAM PM JBN PN GO ELO CTT FV CMZ HTD. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SBM MEK RYH SJ AW. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SL SBM JvS MEK MNC SB PBB ED DD MG RYH SJ LAL C Mock DO PS AW AZ NBD PD JKG PH CI DTJ NJ PJ IK JRM NM C McCord C Mijumbi HdM CAM PM JBN PN GO ELO CTT FV CMZ HTD. Convened the meeting in Kampala that discussed the evidence that is included in the paper: SL. Contributions to this paper were coordinated by SBM. Helped coordinate authorship and revisions by authors and edited the manuscript: LAL Instrumental in the creation of the Bellagio Essential Surgery Group; played a leading role in the organization, planning its meetings, and contributing to its writings: HTD.