About the Authors

Doris Schopper
Ethics Review Board, Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland

Ross Upshur
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Francine Matthys
Unit of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Jerome Amir Singh
Bioethics and Health Law Programme at the Center for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Sunita Sheel Bandewar
Research Program on Community Engagement Global Case Studies at Program on Ethics and Commercialization, McLaughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Aasim Ahmad
The Kidney Centre, Karachi, Pakistan

Aasim Ahmad
Aga Kahn University, Karachi, Pakistan

Els van Dongen
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: DS RU FM JAS SB AA EvD. Wrote the first draft of the paper: DS. Contributed to the writing of the paper: RU FM JAS SB AA EvD.