About the Authors

Simon I Hay, Carlos A Guerra, Andrew J Tatem, Abdisalan M Noor, Caroline W Kabaria, Simon Brooker, Robert W Snow
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

Simon I Hay, Carlos A Guerra, Peter W Gething, Anand P Patil, Andrew J Tatem
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Peter W Gething
Centre for Geographical Health Research, School of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, United Kingdom

Andrew J Tatem
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Andrew J Tatem, David L Smith
Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Abdisalan M Noor, Robert W Snow
Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM), Oxford, United Kingdom

Bui H Manh
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Bach Mai Hospital, National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Iqbal R. F Elyazar
Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia

Simon Brooker
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom

David L Smith
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Rana A Moyeed
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SIH and RWS conceived the experiments. SB and RAM had a statistical advisory role throughout. PWG, APP, and AJT refined and implemented the experimental protocols. DLS devised the age-standardization procedures. SIH, CAG, AMN, CWK, BHM, IRFE, and RWS compiled and mapped the PfPR data. SIH wrote the first draft of the manuscript. SIH, CAG, PWG, APP, AJT, AMN, CWK, BHM, IRFE, SB, DLS, RAM, and RWS commented on the final draft of the manuscript.