About the Authors

Lucy C Okell, Chris J Drakeley, Christopher J. M Whitty
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Teun Bousema
Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Azra C Ghani
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

LCO conceived the study, carried out the analysis and drafted the paper; CJD, TB and CJMW contributed substantially to the design and interpretation and revised the manuscript critically; ACG was involved closely in all stages of the conception, design, and analysis for the study, and editing of the manuscript.