About the Authors

Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, Noah Kiwanuka, Pius Opendi, Victor Sempijja, Absolom Settuba, Denis Buwembo, Valerian Kiggundu, Margaret Anyokorit, James Nkale, Nehemia Kighoma
Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Lawrence H Moulton, Michael Z Chen, Blake Charvat
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

David Serwadda, Frederick Makumbi, Fred Wabwire-Mangen
School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Stephen Watya
Department of Surgery, Urology Unit, Mulago Hospital, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Nelson K Sewankambo
Department of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Melanie C Bacon
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Renee Ridzon
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

rgray@jhsph.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, N Kiwanuka, NK Sewankambo, F Wabwire-Mangen, and N Kighoma designed the experiments/the study. D Serwadda, S Watya, N Kiwanuka, MZ Chen, NK Sewankambo, P Opendi, D Buwembo, A Settuba, V Kiggundu, J Nkale, and N Kighoma collected data or did experiments for the study. G Kigozi, RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, F Makumbi, N Kiwanuka, LH Moulton, MZ Chen, A Settuba, and B Charvat analyzed the data. D Serwadda, N Kiwanuka, NK Sewankambo, P Opendi, D Buwembo, V Kiggundu, J Nkale, and N Kighoma enrolled patients. G Kigozi and RH Gray wrote the first draft of the paper. G Kigozi, RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, S Watya, F Nalugoda, N Kiwanuka, LH Moulton, F Wabwire-Mangen, MC Bacon, P Opendi, V Sempijja, D Buwembo, R Ridzon, M Anyokorit, and B Charvat contributed to writing the paper.