About the Authors

Kristian Pietras

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kristian.pietras@licr.ki.se (KP); dh@biochem.ucsf.edu (DH)

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Diabetes Center and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Jessica Pahler

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Diabetes Center and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Gabriele Bergers

Affiliation Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Franciso, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Douglas Hanahan

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kristian.pietras@licr.ki.se (KP); dh@biochem.ucsf.edu (DH)

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Diabetes Center and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KP and DH designed the study. KP and JP performed research. KP, GB, and DH analyzed the data and contributed to writing the paper. GB contributed new reagents.