About the Authors

Steven Riley
Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China

Hélène Carabin
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America

Patrick Bélisle, Lawrence Joseph
McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Veronica Tallo, Ernesto Balolong, Ryan O'Neal Gonzales, Remigio Olveda
Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines

A. Lee Willingham III
World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization Collaborating Center for Parasitic Zoonoses, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Tomas J Fernandez Jr.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Visayas State University, Baybay, Leyte, Republic of the Philippines

Stephen T McGarvey
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SR, HC, EB, and STM designed the study. VT and TJF collected data and performed experiments. SR, HC, and PB analyzed the data. VT and RO enrolled patients. SR, HC, LJ, VT, EB, ALW, ROG, RO, and STM contributed to writing the paper.